Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-settings.php on line 472

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-settings.php on line 487

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-settings.php on line 494

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-settings.php on line 530

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Page::start_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::start_lvl(&$output) in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/classes.php on line 594

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Page::end_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::end_lvl(&$output) in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/classes.php on line 594

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Page::start_el() should be compatible with Walker::start_el(&$output) in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/classes.php on line 594

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Page::end_el() should be compatible with Walker::end_el(&$output) in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/classes.php on line 594

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_PageDropdown::start_el() should be compatible with Walker::start_el(&$output) in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/classes.php on line 611

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Category::start_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::start_lvl(&$output) in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/classes.php on line 705

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Category::end_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::end_lvl(&$output) in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/classes.php on line 705

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Category::start_el() should be compatible with Walker::start_el(&$output) in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/classes.php on line 705

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Category::end_el() should be compatible with Walker::end_el(&$output) in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/classes.php on line 705

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_CategoryDropdown::start_el() should be compatible with Walker::start_el(&$output) in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/classes.php on line 728

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class wpdb in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/wp-db.php on line 306

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/cache.php on line 103

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class WP_Object_Cache in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/cache.php on line 425

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/query.php on line 21

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/theme.php on line 623

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class WP_Dependencies in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/class.wp-dependencies.php on line 15
Painting with Carol » tips
Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/mnementh23/carolswan.net/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Painting with Carol

Techniques, tips and tricks for watercolours and acrylics

Top 5 watercolour questions

I often find the same questions crop up again and again during my classes so I thought I’d create a quick list of the most common things my students ask. They’re in no particular order and if you have your own questions, feel free to add them to the end.

QUESTION 1: What side of the watercolour paper should I be using?

It is hard to keep this answer short. I could write so much about paper as every artist has a favourite kind of paper. There are three main textures:

  • Rough
  • Cold-pressed
  • Hot-pressed

Each is used for different types of painting. Rough paper has the most “tooth” (kind of like goosebumps on the paper) and is used mostly for landscapes. It’s good if you are painting water - if you run your brush over the surface of the paper you can see the paint adhere to the elevations and it will leave the depressions sparkling white as if the sun is hitting the top of the water. I use hot-pressed paper if I am doing any fine detail work, such as lace work which is done with a liner brush. I have found it is not so good if you intend to apply many washes. My favourite kind of paper is Arches cold-pressed, 300G/M. I find it an ideal all-purpose paper. I mostly choose to paint on the smooth side of the paper but it doesn’t matter which side you choose, either side is equally suitable for paint. Some manufacturers place their watermark on the paper and I always tell my students that if the watermark is raised, it is the right side to use.

QUESTION 2: When taping the paper to the board, should I tape all the way around?

Yes, you should tape on all four sides. When I paint I am inclined do repeated washes, I find that wet watercolour paper tends to buckle, especially if you use a lightweight paper. It’s one of the reasons I use 300G/M - you will find it will only buckle slightly when it is wet but it will settle when dry. If, by chance, the tape does lift a little with the water, don’t be tempted to take it off until you have finished with the washes as it will leave a mark on your painting that cannot be removed.

QUESTION 3: What sort of palette should I use?

These days a watercolour palette is not such an expensive item to buy and can easily be picked up at any art store, or even the cheap $2 shops that are around. Do, however, pick a palette that has many wells in it. If the colours you mix run in to each other they become contaminated and can create “mud”. Personally, I like a palette that has a lid. They are of course a little more expensive but I think it is worth it as it stops the paint from drying out completely. I have many palettes as I never wash away the paint - I clean the palette often with a damp cloth or even a paper towel and this way I can use the left over paint months later.

QUESTION 4: What brushes should I buy?

Good watercolour brushes are expensive but the old saying “you are only as good as the tools you use” is exactly right. For many years I struggled with inferior brushes, so I do know. Cheap brushes will not hold a point because the hairs will separate and they won’t hold enough water or paint. They also break down quickly, which can be very frustrating indeed. If you care for your brushes properly, they will last for many years, so I think buying good brushes is a good investment. Try asking for a new watercolour brush for your birthday or Christmas. I would rather have a new brush than a new bra, or a bottle of perfume any day. I will list the brushes I use - for washes I use a number 12 Squirrel mix oval brush, or a number 7 Raphael 803. For general work, I use I use a number 6 Raphael, although I have been using a cheaper version called Rekab 900E Sable-Ester Israel. I also use a number 4 Sable-Ester Israel. For very fine work I use No 3 Raphael 8404. If you are on a budget, however, try a Large Fan brush or a Japanese Hake brush for your washes and the Japanese bamboo brushes also work quite well.

QUESTION 5: How do I care for my brushes?

I would am asked this question every time I teach. After I’ve made the case for buying good brushes I can understand why you would like to know how to care for them. I suggest you use your watercolour brushes only for watercolours. Rinse them in clean water after each painting cession, and shape them to their shape, a “round brush with a point” or “flat or oval brush to a flat or oval”. Make sure they dry to the shape - I usually put them upside down in a glass to dry. Never leave brushes standing in water. If you still have some stubborn pigment left in the brush after rinsing, it can be removed with a little warm water and soap. I also use an amazing brush cleaner that is put out by Chroma Australia that is simply called “Incredible Brush Cleaner”. I swear by it. When carrying your brushes I have found it better to roll them - if you don’t have a paint roll, you can just roll them in a hand towel or, better still, add a paint roll to your present list.

So there you have it. Have I missed anything out? Let me know and I’ll see what I can do to answer your questions.

2 comments

Using masking fluid

February 21st, 2008 | Category: Painting techniques, Watercolours

I like to think that everyone can be successful when they start to paint with watercolours, so I introduce art masking fluid with the first painting. There is a school of thought that one should never use masking fluid - that you should be able to introduce light in to a painting with out it.

But you know what? If you are successful with your first painting you are likely to want to continue.

Art masking fluid is a rubber latex solution. It is used to mask out an area you do not wish to paint. For instance, if you would like to paint a rose you would either trace or sketch the rose, then you would carefully block it in with the masking fluid, making sure the paper is covered well. If you can see the paper through the masking fluid, then you will need to add another coat.

Allow it to dry before you apply the required washes over the paper for the background. Masking fluid can be used before any painting has been done - this will ensure that any highlights can be kept white. Masking Fluid is available in a clear or slightly yellow tint and I have even seen it in a blue colour. It can also be introduced at any stage of the painting - providing the surface is thoroughly dry before it is applied.

I like to use the brand Art Spectrum which has a yellow tint to it this makes it easier to see when applying it. Of course, you can buy other good brands of masking fluid at your favourite supplier.

TIPS:

  • Don’t use your good brushes when applying the masking fluid, but use a brush with a good point.
  • Continually condition your brush with liquid detergent before you dip it in the fluid as it is inclined to clog the brush.
  • Leave a small amount of liquid detergent in the brush before applying
  • Wash your brush frequently.

I like to paint over the sketch lines as I find the masking fluid will remove them. It is important that the masking fluid is dry before you remove it - even when it’s dry it will have a wet sticky look so touch it with the tip of your finger to check. Gently rub away the masking fluid with a clean fingertip or an eraser.

Masking fluid can also be used for textured effects and splattering - the list goes on and on there is just so much for you to learn, it is so exciting. I think I will leave that for when we are actually painting a project together.

1 comment

Training a new brush

December 28th, 2007 | Category: Painting techniques

When you have a new brush, it may take some time to train it. It usually takes me about a week of solid painting. Do yourself a favour and buy a good brush to begin with - something like a Raphael. I always feel you’re only as good as the brush you’re painting with and if you use a pure sable brush, you don’t have to train it because it automatically does what it’s supposed to. The size of the painting will affect the size of the brush, obviously. I use a number 3 normally.

No comments